Should you declaw your cat?

Cat Facts, Tips posted on March 17 2016 by

 

Last updated November 17, 2017

Recent Developments

There has been a recent surge of interest in criminalizing the declawing of cats and other animals. Just days ago, Denver’s City Council unanimously voted to pass a cat-declawing ban—effective immediately. Denver joins California cities Los Angeles, San Francisco, Santa Monica, Berkeley, Beverly Hills, Culver City, West Hollywood, and Burbank in the ban. Violators face fines, jail time, civil infraction, or all three penalties.

New York, New Jersey, Rhode Island, and West Virginia have similar bills under review, each hoping to ban declawing statewide. Already, some states (California, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, and New York) have banned landlord-mandated declawing, making it illegal for landlords to require their tenants to declaw and/or devocalize their pets.

New York has proposed a declawing ban for the last three years and Assemblywoman Linda Rosenthal and state Senator Joseph Griffo continue to push for its passage. In New Jersey, Assemblyman Troy Singleton has sponsored a bill that passed the lower house of its legislature in January 2017, but it has not passed the Senate. West Virginia and Rhode Island have also introduced legislation to ban declawing across their states, but have not yet been successful.

While parties on both side of the issue agree that behavioral and alternative treatments (like nail caps) should be the front-line treatments for scratching and problem behavior, opponents to these bans want to preserve the legality of declawing as a measure of last resort. They argue that proper surgical technique and post-operative pain management can reduce the negative effects of declawing and that outlawing it may cause people to seek the procedure from unqualified, unsafe sources. Opponents warn that more cats, not fewer, may be given up to shelters when the option to declaw is removed. Most of both the approved and proposed policies make an exception to the law if declawing is deemed therapeutic for the animal (that is, some amount of declawing treats another malady).

Read more about declawing, the surgery, and alternative treatments for clawing and scratching below.

 


Declawing: Not as popular as it once was

Once considered a safe and routine procedure, views on declawing are changing. In fact, the evidence against elective declawing is overwhelming.

Over the past few decades, unwanted cat scratching and destructive behavior has been met with the recommendation for onychectomy, or declawing surgery. It is often packaged as a deal when you take your new kitten to get spayed or neutered. Veterinary care has normalized declawing to the point that one study estimates a quarter (about 14 million) of domesticated cats in the US undergo onychectomy.

Declawing is not a perfect procedure

The problem is that as common as declawing is, onychectomy is not a perfect procedure. Unlike a human nail, a cat’s claw grows right out of the bone—a small, curved bone called the third phalanx. In addition, the most common onychectomy method uses a guillotine-like flat incision to slice through the joint between the third phalanx and the next larger bone.

Unfortunately, cutting a curved bone with a flat blade at a precise location is quite difficult, so fragments of bone remain. Worse, the blade continues its path right through the cat’s paw pads, as if cutting off the tips of your fingers.

The soft tissue damage makes for a painful, weeks-long recovery and increases the chance for complications, like infection. Mounting evidence suggests that bone fragments and spurs left by imperfect declawing are correlated with undesirable behavior changes—specifically biting and refusal to use the litter box.

Animal advocacy groups speak out against declawing

For these reasons, veterinarians and animal advocacy groups across the world are speaking out against the procedure and advocating for alternatives. In nearly thirty countries, including the United Kingdom, Australia, and most of the European Union, declawing is illegal and considered animal cruelty and abuse. In the US, The Humane Society, ASPCA, Cat Fanciers Association, American Association of Feline Practitioners, and American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) all discourage elective onychectomy. They only consider it appropriate when medically necessary for either the cat or its owner.

Declawing is a major surgery

Whether or not declawing is appropriate for your situation requires education and consultation with your vet. Take some time to read through the links in this post and develop your opinion before talking with your vet. Remember, scratching is a normal part of cat behavior and serves several important purposes. Keep in mind that there are various behavioral treatments and alternatives to manage destructive scratching—especially something as simple and harmless as nail caps. After all, declawing is a major surgery that requires amputation, not just “removing the claws.”
Design. Engineering. Function.

Comment

Related Posts

Scented vs. Unscented Cat Litter: You may have an opinion, but what does the research say?
Should you use scented or unscented litter? Questions about cat care—especially those to do with the litter box—tend to bring up strong opinions. Even the indifferent are strongly so, throwing up their hands and saying, “does it really matter—it’s just the litter...
Cat Talk: The Language of Cat Sounds
Chances are, if you’re a cat parent, you’ve been known to let out a meow on occasion—or many occasions. The deep desire to communicate with our feline friends is in all of us cat lovers. What is my cat thinking? What is he saying to me? Does my cat really love me? One thing that
The Big Fat Truth about Cat Obesity and How to Fix It
Guest post by Kristen Levine   Kristen Levine Pet Living is the place for stories, science & advice for living happier and healthier with pets.   The cat’s out of the bag: across the country our feline friends are fighting the battle of the...
Open vs. Enclosed Litter Boxes: Uncovering the Truth
For most cat owners, our kitties become part of the family. We share photos on social media, and we recount our babies’ furry little antics to anyone who will listen. Even when it comes to managing challenging behaviors, we tend to confer...
How Many Cats Is Too Many Cats?
Guest post by Kristen Levine   Kristen Levine Pet Living is the place for stories, science & advice for living happier and healthier with pets.   The decision to adopt a cat is a serious one, but it’s so easy to stop thinking and let your heart take over! A stray shows up on your doorstep and
How to Choose the Best Pet Sitter for Your Furry Friend
You’ve decided to hire a pet sitter! Maybe you read our piece on 5 Reasons a House Sitter Will Make You and Your Cat Happy and you’re ready to get out of town and contract someone to watch over your home and...
Copyright: © Automated Pet Care Products. All Rights Reserved